IVM at COP22
Four IVM researchers attended the 22nd United Nations Climate Conference in Marrakech (Morocco) , to do research, conduct interviews, to network and to participate in side-events.
While in Stockholm records were beaten in terms of snowfall in November, IVM Researchers Oscar Widerberg, Gabriela Guimarães Nobre, Kristian Kristensen and Lisa Sanderink travelled to warm and sunny Marrakech in Morocco to attend the 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The COP which also served as the 12th meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) and of course as the 1st meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA). The governments and their delegations met in the vibrant city to discuss the implementation of the Paris Agreement, raising ambitions, climate finance and much more.
The rapid and recent entry into force of the Paris Agreement (4 November 2016) ensured an optimistic atmosphere at the start of COP22. However, the news which came to light on Wednesday morning (9th of November) about the US elections threatened to cast a shadow on COP22. The idea of Trump, wishing to pull the US out of the Paris Agreement, appeared to be the big elephant in the room. Still, it did not really seem to dominate the debates: the general argument everyone held on to was that developments in climate action are already on their way and a president-elect cannot simply hinder these. This was also evident in the Marrakech Proclamation, which was released on the 17th of November. Therewith, the Heads of State, Governments and Delegations stressed the momentum for climate change worldwide, which is ‘irreversible’ (to read the entire Marrakech Proclamation: http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/marrakech_nov_2016/application/pdf/marrakech_action_proclamation.pdf).
Accordingly, the COP22 led to a set of key outcomes. For example, the intention to move forward on a rule book or operational manual for the Paris Agreement. Furthermore, governments made progress on key areas, such as climate finance, climate change adaptation, capacity-building, clean technologies and gender responsiveness. Next to these outcomes new initiatives were launched, for example the Global Peatlands Initiative and the World Alliance for Clean Technologies. Last but not least, the High-Level Climate Champions launched the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action. This partnership is supposed to catalyse and support climate action by Parties and non-Party stakeholders. For more information on key achievements and initiatives please visit: http://newsroom.unfccc.int/unfccc-newsroom/nations-take-forward-global-climate-action-at-2016-un-climate-conference/).
Besides keeping track of the negotiations and developments at COP22 for research, IVM also participated in side-events. Oscar Widerberg was involved in the organization of a side-event on linking state and non-state climate action, together with researchers from the German Development Institute (DIE Bonn), Forum for Reforms and Entrepreneurship (FORES) and York University. For more information on this event please read a blogpost by Oscar Widerberg: http://fragmentation.eu/?p=405.
All in all, visiting the COP22 left the IVM researchers with much food for thought and inspiration for further research.