Dr E.E. Koks

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+31 20 59 89506
faculteit der bètawetenschappen ( dep. water & climate risk )


Elco Koks has been employed at the Institute of Environmental Studies since February 2012. He is currently a researcher and lecturer within the Water and Climate Risk group, where his research focuses on flood risk, disaster impact modelling, critical infrastructure and extreme weather.

One of his specialities is the modelling of the economy-wide consequences of disasters on both a regional and interregional level, with a specific focus on industrial areas and critical infrastructure. In addition, one of the key elements in his research is to connect widely applied biophysical models to macroeconomic disaster impact models. Such integrated frameworks allow for better evaluation of both current and future disaster risk, and are of significant value in assessing the effects of disaster risk reduction measures and climate adaptation strategies. In the future, one of his main research focuses will be the behaviour of businesses after a disaster and how this can be incorporated into disaster impact models. Besides, in the future he will also focus more on the consequences of extreme weather events, such as wind, extreme rainfall and hail storms.


GIS, flood risk management and flood damage modelling, input-output modelling, supply-use models, optimization, land-use change analysis, (spatial) economic analysis. 

Academic training

2012-2016PhD student, Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
MSc STREEM (Spatial, Transport and Environmental Economics),
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
2007-2010BSc Earth and Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Professional employment history

Researcher and lecturer, Institute for Environmental Studies,
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
2015Guest researcher, Achmea Reinsurance
2014-presentVisiting researcher, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)
2013-2016Guest researcher, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
2011Medior Researcher International Cooperation, NCDO
(Knowledge and Advice Centre for Global Citizenship), Amsterdam
Student-assistant, department of Spatial Economics,
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Selected publications

Link to full publication list at IVM since 2012

Koks, E.E., Jongman, B., Husby, T.G. & Botzen, W.J.W. (2015). Combining hazard, exposure and social vulnerability to provide lessons for flood risk management.Environmental Science & Policy, 47, 42–52. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2014.10.013

Koks, E.E., Bockarjova, M., de Moel, H. & Aerts, J.C.J.H. (2015). Integrated Direct and Indirect Flood Risk Modeling: Development and Sensitivity Analysis.Risk Analysis, 35 (5), 882–900. doi: 10.1111/risa.12300

Koks, E.E., Carrera, L., Jonkeren, O., Aerts, J.C.J.H., Husby, T.G., Thissen, M., Standardi, G. & Mysiak, J. (2015). Regional disaster impact analysis: comparing Input-Output and Computable General Equilibrium models.Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 3 (11), 7053–7088. doi: 10.5194/nhessd-3-7053-2015

Jongman, B., Koks, E.E., Husby, T.G. & Ward, P.J. (2014). Increasing flood exposure in the Netherlands: implications for risk financing.Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 14 (5), 1245–1255. doi: 10.5194/nhess-14-1245-2014

Koks, E.E., de Moel, H., Aerts, J.C.J.H. & Bouwer, L.M. (2014). Effect of spatial adaptation measures on flood risk: study of coastal floods in Belgium.Regional Environmental Change, 14 (1), 413–425. doi: 10.1007/s10113-013-0514-7